The eight-character motto to stay away from high blood pressure.
(1) Low-salt Change the high-salt diet (no more than 6 grams per person per day), and the daily intake of salt per person is 4 to 6 grams.
(2) Weight loss Standard weight (kg) = height (cm) -105. Asia-Pacific body weight standard: body mass index (BMI) = weight (kg)/height (square meter), BMI less than 23 is normal, 23-25 is overweight, and greater than 25 is obese.
(3) Decompression Mental stress, excessive work pressure, insufficient mental health education, and lack of exercise are the main causes of stress.
(4) Alcohol restriction advocates drinking less and staying away from high alcohol.
Hypertensive patients pay attention to several dangerous moments
(1) When the temperature drops sharply, vasoconstriction causes blood pressure to rise significantly, so pay attention to cold protection and warmth.
(2) When you are addicted to smoking and drinking, it can directly stimulate the central nervous system of the human body, which will increase the heart rate and blood pressure.
(3) Extreme excitement can cause a sudden increase in blood pressure, an accelerated heart rate, and a sudden onset of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
(4) From 6 to 9 in the morning, the vitality of the body has not been fully recovered, and the lack of water in the body results in blood concentration and increased viscosity, which is prone to thrombosis and stroke. Drink some water and milk properly before going to bed and after getting up in the morning.
(5) 1 hour after a meal Do not overeating during meals, and do not do heavy activities immediately after meals to avoid sudden misfortunes.
(6) Increased abdominal pressure during defecation with breath-holding can increase blood pressure and vasoconstriction, causing more blood to fill intracranial blood vessels, which can easily lead to cerebral hemorrhage.
(7) During sex, blood pressure rises sharply due to emotional excitement and rapid heartbeat. Pay attention to rest immediately once you find physical discomfort.
Patients with high blood pressure should take deep breaths with caution
Deep breathing is a practical and effective fitness exercise. However, in recent years, scientific research and clinical observations have found that this common deep breathing action will bring certain harm to the human body, especially for patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and stroke. , sometimes even life-threatening.
The human body breathes in oxygen and expels carbon dioxide. The result of deep breathing is that a large amount of air enters the lungs. The short pause after deep breathing greatly increases the pressure in the thoracic cavity. There are heart and large blood vessels in the thoracic cavity, which increases the pressure in the thoracic cavity and also increases the peripheral circulatory resistance of the cardiovascular system.
Therefore, although deep breathing increases the intake of oxygen, the oxygen supply to the tissues and organs in the body is reduced due to constricted blood vessels. Cerebral hypoxia can cause dizziness, dizziness, and headache; renal hypoxia can affect the excretory function of the kidneys; myocardial ischemia and hypoxia can easily lead to angina pectoris in patients with coronary heart disease. It has been found in clinical practice that some patients with coronary heart disease may induce angina pectoris and even myocardial infarction if they breathe deeply for 2 to 5 minutes. For angina pectoris caused by this reason, drug treatment is often ineffective, and the breathing frequency and depth must be adjusted to gradually transition to normal breathing in order to be effective.
Therefore, all patients suffering from arteriosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases should try to avoid strong deep breathing.