Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has insisted on placing scientific and technological innovation at the core of the overall national development, deeply grasping the general trend of world science and technology development, and emphasizing the need to strengthen national strategic science and technology from the perspective of the overall development of the Party and the country. The strength and improvement of the overall efficiency of the national innovation system have pointed out the direction for accelerating the construction of a powerful country in science and technology and achieving high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-reliance. National strategic scientific and technological strength is a scientific research team that can reflect the will of the country, serve the needs of the country, and represent the level of the country. Based on the new development stage, implementing new development concepts, building a new development pattern, and promoting high-quality development, it is urgent to strengthen the national strategic scientific and technological strength, and put the construction of the national strategic scientific and technological strength in the context of improving the national innovation system.
To cope with the inevitable requirements of the profound evolution of the world pattern. The world today is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century. The reform of the global governance system and the international order is accelerating, and the world is facing prominent instability and uncertainty. As a strategic support for improving social productivity and comprehensive national strength, scientific and technological innovation has become the focus of international competition. Since the reform and opening up, my country’s scientific and technological innovation level has achieved a significant leap, and my country has become an innovative country. At the same time, there is still a big gap between China and the world’s advanced level in terms of basic research and original innovation, key core technologies, and the integration of industrial chain innovation chains. To promote self-reliance and self-improvement in science and technology, it is urgent to integrate superior scientific and technological strengths in major innovation fields, strengthen national strategic scientific and technological strengths, make up for the shortcomings of scientific and technological innovation, ensure that my country’s industrial chain and supply chain are independent, safe and controllable, and promote my country’s transition from the global value chain. Towards the mid-to-high end. Relying on my country’s advantageous fields, create a long board of scientific and technological innovation, and strive to seize the strategic commanding heights in key areas.
It is an inevitable requirement to grasp the historical opportunity of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “Since the beginning of the 21st century, global scientific and technological innovation has entered an unprecedentedly intensive and active period, and a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is reconstructing the global innovation map and reshaping the global economic structure.” The new round of scientific and technological revolution and industry The evolution of change is accelerated, scientific and technological innovation has entered the era of great integration, the interdisciplinarity is more closely, the industrial reform is deeply expanded, and the paradigm of scientific and technological innovation is accelerated. To grasp the opportunities of the new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation, it is necessary to make overall arrangements and make concerted efforts. This requires the construction and strengthening of national laboratories, national scientific research institutions, high-level research universities, leading scientific and technological enterprises and other major scientific and technological forces in major innovation fields, promoting the close integration of science and technology, education, industry, and finance, and promoting the close cooperation of various innovative entities. , The orderly flow of innovation elements, the continuous optimization of the innovation ecology, the improvement of systemization capabilities and key breakthrough capabilities, support my country to seize the opportunity in the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, and realize the iterative upgrading of the industrial chain innovation chain.
It is an inevitable requirement to promote the high-quality development of my country’s economy and society. my country’s economy has shifted from a stage of high-speed growth to a stage of high-quality development, and is in the critical period of changing the development mode, optimizing the economic structure, and transforming the driving force of growth. Building a modern economic system is an urgent requirement to cross the threshold and a strategic goal of my country’s development. Innovation is the primary driving force for development and the strategic support for building a modern economic system. The national innovation system is the backbone of the modern economic system. At present, my country has initially established a national innovation system with Chinese characteristics, but there are still many problems such as low overall efficiency, weak “hard power” to solve major scientific and technological problems, and unreasonable allocation of scientific and technological innovation resources. To solve these outstanding problems, it is urgent to strengthen the national strategic scientific and technological strength as the starting point to realize the deep reconstruction of the national innovation system. Guided by national strategic needs and guided by national strategic tasks, make overall arrangements to strengthen national strategic scientific and technological strength, remove institutional and institutional obstacles that limit the improvement of scientific and technological innovation levels, reshape my country’s scientific and technological innovation resource allocation pattern, and improve the efficiency of scientific and technological innovation resource allocation. Enhance the ability of my country’s innovation system to support the construction of a modern economic system and high-quality development.
Strengthening the national strategic scientific and technological strength is a complex and systematic project, which requires all forces to be in place, coordinated and coordinated, give full play to the role of the country as a major scientific and technological innovation organizer, adhere to the strategic demand orientation, and determine the direction and focus of scientific and technological innovation. Focus on solving major problems that restrict national development and security, and create new advantages for future development. Strengthen overall planning in subject areas, task implementation, resource allocation, etc., give full play to the role of universities and scientific research institutes, promote the optimal allocation of scientific research forces in scientific research institutes, institutions of higher learning and enterprises, cultivate more innovative leading enterprises, and support the establishment of leading enterprises Innovation Consortium. Create a number of regional innovation highlands with international competitiveness, accelerate the construction of international science and technology innovation centers with global influence such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and national science and technology innovation centers such as Chengdu and Chongqing, and give play to national self-created zones and high-tech zones Power engine and radiation driving role in high-quality development. Accelerate the reform of national scientific research institutions and the construction of high-level research universities, strengthen the training and introduction of high-level scientific and technological talents, and accelerate the construction of a large-scale, reasonable structure and high-quality innovative talent team.